- Component Type: TYPO3 CMS
- Subcomponent: Extbase Request Handling (ext:extbase)
- Release Date: December 17, 2019
- Impact: Possible Insecure Deserialization
- Affected Versions: All before 10.0.0
- Severity: none - high
- Suggested CVSS: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:F/RL:T/RC:C
It has been discovered that request handling in Extbase can be vulnerable to insecure deserialization. User submitted payload has to be signed with a corresponding HMAC-SHA1 using the sensitive TYPO3 encryptionKey as secret - invalid or unsigned payload is not deserialized.
However, since sensitive information could have been leaked by accident (e.g. in repositories or in commonly known and unprotected backup files), there is the possibility that attackers know the private encryptionKey and are able to calculate the required HMAC-SHA1 to allow a malicious payload to be deserialized.
Requirements for successfully exploiting this vulnerability (all of the following):
- rendering at least one Extbase plugin in the frontend
- encryptionKey has been leaked (from LocalConfiguration.php or corresponding .env file)
Update to TYPO3 versions 8.7.30 or 9.5.12 that fix the problem described.
Update April 22nd, 2020
Due to negative side-effects mentioned hardening had to be reverted in TYPO3 version 10.4.0 and 9.5.16. The issue described cannot be exploited without knowing the encryption-key. However in case an individual encryption-key has been leaked to the public, this has to be considered as critical incident.
Thanks to TYPO3 security team member Oliver Hader who analyzed and fixed the issue.